Syria's main exiled opposition groups met in Cairo Monday (July 2nd) to try to forge a common vision for a political transition in Syria.
The second day of a two-day meeting was being held behind closed doors and was also attended by the foreign ministers of Turkey, Iraq and Kuwait.
Arab League Secretary-General Nabil al-Arabi, who chaired the meeting, urged the Syrian opposition "not to waste this opportunity" and unite. He also called for "a pluralist democratic system that does not discriminate between Syrians".
One of the prominent exiled opposition groups, the Syrian National Council (SNC), said on Sunday that it expected more serious action to emerge from Saturday's talks in Geneva, which included members of the United Nations Security Council.
SNC spokesperson Basma Qadmani told AFP in Ankara there were some "positive elements" of the deal that emerged on Saturday, although "important elements remain too ambiguous […] and the plan is too vague to foresee real and immediate action".
Meanwhile, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that the Syrian army continued to bombard opposition neighbourhoods in the city of Homs, as violence killed at least 30 people across the country.
On Monday, Saudi Arabia called on the international community to take "decisive measures to stop... the mass slaughter" of the Syrian people.
Assad's regime "must immediately end the massacres and fully implement the... (UN) plan aimed at reaching a political solution in line with the aspirations of the Syrian people," said a statement issued after a weekly cabinet meeting chaired by King Abdullah.
Also on Monday, President Bashar Assad issued three "counter-terrorism" laws, which dictate that "those who create or direct terrorist groups may be sentenced with 10 to 20 years of hard labour, but the punishment may be more severe if the goal is to change the regime or the structure of the state".