Egypt's population has grown by one million since last August, and officials are warning this could have a serious impact on the country's social, economic and educational institutions.
The population currently stands at 86 million, according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics.
"The agency issued the announcement through the population clock on Salah Salem Street in Cairo," said Misbah Khaireddine of the agency's chamber of studies. "The clock is linked electronically and updated with the latest data and statistics from the census."
In 2013, the population grew by 2.5%, he said.
"We estimated a population growth of 875,000 last year, but the actual figure significantly exceeded our expectations," he said.
This increase matches other reports that warn Egypt's population growth is a social time bomb, Khaireddine said.
On February 16th, Britain's Guardian newspaper reported that Egypt's population is likely to reach more than 137 million by 2050, while a study by the German Chamber of Commerce estimated the country's population will reach 120 million in 20 years.
"The increase in population has become a reality and we must work now across two axes," said Rami Abdulmuttalib, who lectures at Cairo University's Faculty of Social Sciences. "First, we must continue to limit the growth rate, and second, we must find solutions to the problems it causes."
These could include urban expansion to other regions of Egypt to reduce overcrowding in cities through the establishment of a system of cities, villages and new urban developments, he said.
Awareness-raising campaigns that address the social and economic risks associated with population growth could help reduce the birth rate, he said.
"In rural areas, especially agricultural ones, a high birth rate is caused by a desire to increase agricultural production by involving the entire family on the land," Abdulmuttalib said.
But a large population increase in Egypt would deplete government resources and impact the country's educational levels, he said.
Several government entities are working together to address the population growth, said Amjad Yasin of the Egyptian Ministry of Housing's Department of Urban Planning.
These include the Ministry of Housing and the General Authority for Urban Planning, which are planning to address population growth by exploiting Egypt's vast untapped desert areas, he said.
These plans focus on the Nile Delta and the Nile valley desert areas and aim to accommodate at least five million people by 2017, Yasin said.
They include the construction of 400 residential compounds in new towns, with each town accommodating more than 10,000 people, he added.
"The new plans take into account attention to agricultural spaces and their development and preservation, especially since these areas are suitable for farming, industrial, commercial and tourist purposes, which would not only contribute to resettling the population, but also would create job opportunities for the unemployed and the youth, in addition to reducing migration to cities and the growth of slums," he said.
According to official figures, Egypt's population lives on 7.7% of its total land area and is concentrated in major cities.
Cairo has the highest population density, 47,285 people per square kilometre, while South Sinai has the lowest with 9.7 people per square kilometre.